Friday, 02 May, 2008
Interaction Quench in the Hubbard Model
M. Moeckel and S. Kehrein -
Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 175702 (2008)
Motivated by recent experiments in ultracold atomic gases that explore the nonequilibrium dynamics of interacting quantum many-body systems, we investigate the opposite limit of Landau's Fermi-liquid paradigm: We study a Hubbard model with a sudden interaction quench, that is, the interaction is switched on at time t=0. Using the flow equation method, we are able to study the real time dynamics for weak interaction U in a systematic expansion and find three clearly separated time regimes: (i) An initial buildup of correlations where the quasiparticles are formed. (ii) An intermediate quasisteady regime resembling a zero temperature Fermi liquid with a nonequilibrium quasiparticle distribution function. (iii) The long-time limit described by a quantum Boltzmann equation leading to thermalization of the momentum distribution function with a temperature TU.