Thursday, 19 September, 2013
Massive Symmetry Breaking in LaAlO3/SrTiO3(111) Quantum Wells: A Three-Orbital Strongly Correlated Generalization of Graphene
D. Doennig, W. Pickett, and R. Pentcheva -
Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 111 (12), 126804 (2013)
Density functional theory calculations with an on-site Coulomb repulsion term reveal competing ground states in (111)-oriented (LaAlO3)M/(SrTiO3)Nsuperlattices with n-type interfaces, ranging from spin, orbitally polarized (with selective eg′, a1g, or dxy occupation), Dirac point Fermi surface, to charge-ordered flat band phases. These phases are steered by the interplay of (i) Hubbard U, (ii) SrTiO3 quantum well thickness, and (iii) crystal field splitting tied to in-plane strain. In the honeycomb lattice bilayer N=2 under tensile strain, inversion symmetry breaking drives the system from a ferromagnetic Dirac point (massless Weyl semimetal) to a charge-ordered multiferroic (ferromagnetic and ferroelectric) flat band massive (insulating) phase. With increasing SrTiO3quantum well thickness an insulator-to-metal transition occurs.